Discourse by Shaykh Muhammad ibn al-Habib

This was a discourse which Shaykh Muhammad ibn al-Habib gave in his zawiyya in Meknes in the year he died. He was over 100 at the time.

From the Holy Qur’an:

“And We split them into nations in the earth.

Some of them are right-acting and some are other than that.

We tried them with good and evil so that perhaps they might return”.

Shaykh Muhammad ibn al-Habib – rahimahu Llah – said:

“Allah ta’ala says in His Mighty Book:

“And We divided them into nations in the earth.”

We have already told you that this sura is called Surah al-‘Araf and was revealed to the Prophet, salla’llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, in the noble city of Makka, except for these ayats which we are looking at which came down to the Prophet salla’llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam in Madina. We know this because there were no Jews in Makka, only idolaters, whereas there were Jews in Madina and all round it, for instance in Khaybar and places like that. These places were all inhabited by Jews. So all the references in the Qur’an concerning the Jews were revealed in Madina.

Anyway Allah, tabaraka wa ta’ala, says: “And We divided them into nations in the earth.” This is an example of Allah telling us about unseen things in the future because the Jews will never be able to establish themselves as a nation. Allah says: “We divided them, meaning that Allah”, tabaraka wa ta’ala, put some of them in every country. They will never be truly unified. All those Jews in Palestine who came from France and Britain and the West and various other countries will never establish themselves as a nation. Allah says: “We divided them into nations in the earth.” Those whom Allah divided into nations did not follow Sayyidina Musa, ‘alayhi salam. No! rather they disobeyed what they were ordered to do in the Torah.

“Some of them are right-acting”.

This refers to the ones who followed Sayyidina Musa, ‘alayhi salam, respecting what he brought and it also applies to those who died during the gap between Sayyidina Musa and Sayyidina ‘Isa. Those who died during this gap are also called right-acting, in other words they won’t go to the Fire. When there is a gap between Prophets and you die during that period as someone who affirms Allah’s unity you will not enter the Fire. This is because there was no Prophet there to be rejected. However, what about those who were alive during the life-time of Sayyidina ‘Isa, ‘alayhi salam, and did not follow him, what category do they fall under? They are kuffar because Allah sent Sayyidina ‘Isa after Sayyidina Musa, ‘alayhi salam. Then after that Allah sent Sayyidina Muhammad, salla’llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, and very few of the Jews followed Sayyidina Muhammad, salla’llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, just ‘Abdallah ibn Salam and Ka’b al-Ahbar, those two people.

When ‘Abdallah ibn Salam became Muslim the Jews did not know about his Islam. He went to the Messenger, salla’llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, and said, “I would like you, Messenger of Allah, to put the Jews to a little test,” and remember he was their leader and their great scholar “I will hide and you ask them what is their opinion of ‘Abdallah ibn Salam. Then when they tell you and mention the respect they have for me, I will come out and say I bear witness that there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.”

So the Messenger of Allah, salla’llahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, did that. He summoned the heads of the Jews from Khaybar and surrounding areas and he hid ‘Abdallah ibn Salam from them. He asked them, “What do you say about about this man ‘Abdallah ibn Salam, your ‘alim?” They said, “He is our master and the son of our master.” He then asked them, “What would you say if he were to become a Muslim?” They said, “God forbid that he should ever become a Muslim.” When they said that he came out and said the shahada. They immediately said, “He is our enemy and the son of our enemy.” One minute they were saying he was their master and the son of their master and the next that he their enemy and the son of their enemy! Enemies of Allah, they will never admit the truth.

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~ by The Murabit Blog on 08/18/2010.

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